SARS-Cov-2 Infection Uncovering Latent Mycobacterium Leprae Infection

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Christopher Mancuso, DO, MHS
Paloma Reiter, DO
Regina Zambrano, DO
Ritu Saini, MD
Suzanne Sirota-Rozenberg, DO


Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium, Leprosy, COVID, COVID-19, SARS-Cov-2, Leonine facies, Hansen's disease


Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. It can remain dormant in a patient without any symptoms until triggered by a stressor on the body. During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a significant amount of emotional and psychological stress was endured by patients. In addition, many patients experienced exacerbations of their preexisting conditions. Few reports have described cases of leprosy with concurrent COVID-19. This brief article presents a case of newly diagnosed leprosy in a middle-aged male following a COVID-19 infection. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of its kind in the United States.


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