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Wells syndrome, eosinophilic cellulitis, flame figure, omalizumab
Wells syndrome (eosinophilic cellulitis), a rare dermatosis that arises from a multitude of triggers, may present with pruritic and erythematous plaques, papules, vesicles, or blisters.1 We present a case of Wells syndrome that was successfully treated with omalizumab. A 39-year-old female presented with a three-year history of diffusely located pruritic papules. After a negative lab and infectious workup, a punch biopsy showed dense eosinophilic infiltrate in the dermis as well as “flame figure” formation. Unsuccessful trials of prednisone, cetirizine, hydroxyzine, and dapsone prompted the use of omalizumab, which yielded excellent control of symptoms. Omalizumab’s success in the Wells syndrome disease process may be explained by its anti-inflammatory effects on IgE autoantibodies and receptors.5 Few cases of Wells syndrome treated with omalizumab have been reported. Thus, increased research to thoroughly elucidate omalizumab’s pharmacological mechanism of action in this particular disease process is warranted and would be a valuable contribution to the Wells syndrome literature.
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