Main Article Content
VOYAGE 1, guselkumab, DLQI, Psoriasis
Introduction Psoriasis (PsO) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. While skin clearance, as measured by the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), is a clinical goal, PsO patients also suffer from reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In the Phase 3 VOYAGE 1 trial, guselkumab (GUS) demonstrated improvements on patient reported outcomes compared with placebo (PBO) and adalimumab (ADA). Here we report an analysis of the estimated time to onset of the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in HRQoL, as measured by the Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) and associated PASI response in GUS-treated patients from VOYAGE 1.
Methods The VOYAGE 1 trial enrolled patients with moderate-to-severe PsO who were randomized to receive PBO, GUS, or ADA. The DLQI is a self-report measure for HRQoL ranging from 0 (no impact) to 30 (maximum impact) that assesses the effect of skin problems on 6 HRQoL domains. An accepted MCID in DLQI is 4, previously reported as the smallest difference in DLQI total score that patients’ rate as beneficial. DLQI score and PASI improvement (percent change from baseline) were analyzed at Weeks 0, 8, 16, and 24 for the subset of VOYAGE 1 patients with a baseline DLQI score >4. Earliest time to onset of MCID in mean DLQI and corresponding mean PASI improvement were estimated using linear interpolation for the GUS group between Weeks 0 and 8.
Results Among patients randomized to GUS, n=279 (85%) had DLQI >4 at baseline. By first assessment at Week 8 (W8), we observed a reduction in the mean DLQI score from 15.6 (baseline) to 5.0 (W8) with median DLQI decreasing from 15.0 (baseline) to 3.0 (W8). The interpolated onset of MCID in DLQI occurred at 21.1 days (W3) following the initial GUS dose. In GUS-treated patients, the estimated mean PASI improvement corresponding to the onset of MCID in mean DLQI occurring at Week 3 was 29.2%.
Conclusions These data indicate that the onset of clinically meaningful improvements in mean DLQI occur as early as after the first dose of GUS in patients with moderate-to-severe PsO.
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