A case of cutaneous metastatic adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix
Cutaneous metastasis of cervical carcinoma is very rare, with a reported incidence of .1 to 2%. The adenosquamous carcinoma subtype has been reported the least.3-5 We present a case report of ulceronodular cutaneous metastasis of adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix.
A 50-year-old African American female with an eleven-year history of metastatic adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix presented to the emergency department with an asymptomatic rash in her groin for one-month duration. On physical exam, there were hyperpigmented to violaceous papulonodules across the mons pubis and three ulcerated plaques of the left mons pubis. Punch biopsy was consistent with metastases of cervical adenosquamous carcinoma. No disease specific interventions were taken, and the patient passed away five weeks later.
Cervical cancer rarely metastasizes to the skin, with a reported incidence of .1 to 2%. Among the subtypes, cutaneous metastasis of cervical adenosquamous carcinoma has been reported the least. In a review of 1185 cases of cervical cancer, Imachi et al found that only 15 cases spread cutaneously, none of which were adenosquamous carcinoma.5 Cutaneous metastases of cervical carcinoma predict a poor prognosis, with an average length of survival of three months.6Our patient developed cutaneous metastases eleven years after diagnosis, which is to our knowledge the longest reported interval from initial diagnosis to development of cutaneous metastases. Although rare, it is important to recognize cutaneous metastases of adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix as it predicts a poor prognosis and treatment has not been shown to improve outcomes.
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