Deucravacitinib Long-Term Efficacy in Week 16 Placebo Crossovers: 3-year Results from the POETYK PSO Program

Main Article Content

Mark Lebwohl
Richard B. Warren
Shinichi Imafuku
Jerry Bagel
April W. Armstrong
Thierry Passeron
Subhashis Banerjee
Renata M. Kisa
Eleni Vritzali
Matthew J. Colombo
Thomas Scharnitz
Kim Hoyt
Diamant Thaçi
Andrew Blauvelt

Keywords

Phase 3, Deucravacitinib, TYK2 inhibitor, plaque psoriasis

Abstract

Introduction: Deucravacitinib, an oral, selective, allosteric TYK2 inhibitor, is approved in the US, EU, and other countries for treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy. Deucravacitinib was efficacious and well-tolerated in the global, 52-week, phase 3 POETYK PSO-1 (NCT03624127) and PSO-2 (NCT03611751) trials and through 2 additional years in the POETYK long-term extension (LTE) (NCT04036435) trial in patients treated with deucravacitinib from Day 1 of PSO-1/PSO-2. Here, long-term efficacy was assessed through 3 years in patients who crossed over from placebo to deucravacitinib at Week 16 in PSO-1 or PSO-2 and entered the LTE trial.


Methods: PSO-1 and PSO-2 randomized patients 1:2:1 to oral placebo, deucravacitinib 6 mg once daily, or apremilast 30 mg twice daily. At Week 16, patients randomized to placebo crossed over to deucravacitinib. At Week 52, patients could enroll in the LTE and receive open-label deucravacitinib. Efficacy was evaluated in patients who crossed over from placebo to deucravacitinib at Week 16 of the parent trial and received continuous deucravacitinib through 3 years (Week 148; cutoff June 15, 2022). Outcomes included ≥75%/≥90% reduction from baseline in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75/90) and static Physician Global Assessment score of 0 (clear) or 1 (almost clear) (sPGA 0/1). Efficacy is reported using modified nonresponder imputation (mNRI) in patients who reached the Week 148 assessment and those who discontinued before Week 148.


Results: Of 421 patients originally randomized to placebo, 348 crossed over to deucravacitinib at Week 16; of these, 298 completed the parent trials and entered the LTE, with 254 meeting mNRI criteria Efficacy response rates improved from Week 16 on placebo (PASI 75, 13.4%; PASI 90, 4.3%; sPGA 0/1, 11.0%) through Week 52 on deucravacitinib (PASI 75, 75.9%; PASI 90, 47.5%; sPGA 0/1, 59.4%), were generally maintained well through Week 112 (PASI 75, 78.4%; PASI 90, 52.0%; sPGA 0/1, 57.8%), with persistent responses overall observed through Week 148 (PASI 75, 74.4%; PASI 90, 48.1%; sPGA 0/1, 51.1%). Conclusion: These findings further confirm earlier results of once-daily oral deucravacitinib as an effective long-term treatment for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

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